The sauna is most often associated with a room decorated with wooden benches, in the interior of which you will find a fireplace with stones for pouring water. Modern versions of the sauna are fundamentally different from the classic version of this type of room. In addition, even between the traditional versions of the sauna, for example, between the Roman and Finnish saunas, there are big differences.
Dry sauna - Finnish or Swedish sauna
This is an example of a traditional sauna in which high temperature is not associated with high humidity. In a Finnish sauna, the temperature can reach 80-120 degrees Celsius (the highest values among all types of saunas), with humidity not exceeding ten percent. In the sauna, this type of hot stone is simply not flooded. The Finnish-Swedish sauna is an excellent choice for people suffering from muscle and joint pain, rheumatoid diseases or bronchial asthma. A dry sauna can also be used by people after a heart attack (with the consent of the doctor). One session per week is recommended, provided that a one-time visit to the sauna will not last more than 12 minutes.
Steam Bath - Roman Bath
This is another example of a traditional type of sauna, in which the temperature inside is not too high (45-60 degrees Celsius), but the humidity ranges from 99-100 percent. Due to the high humidity, the inside of the steam sauna is not finished with wood, but with moisture-resistant materials such as stone and ceramic tiles. Currently, for the production of large quantities of steam, special designs of electric furnaces with an evaporator are used. Due to the lower temperature, you can stay in the steam bath a little longer than in a dry sauna - up to 15 minutes at a time.
This is a special type of dry sauna, in which salt lumps replace wooden wall decoration. Due to the unique properties of this type of brines, a sauna will be an excellent choice for people struggling with recurrent respiratory diseases, especially the lungs and bronchi. During a session in a salt sauna, we breathe a special mixture of gases rich in salt compounds, iodine, bromine, magnesium and calcium. The temperature in the salt bath usually reaches 80 degrees Celsius, and the humidity does not exceed 40 percent. A single stay in a salt bath should not be more than 15 minutes.
This is an alternative to the classic steam bath. In this case, water vapor is formed as necessary, pouring warm stones with clean water, possibly water with the addition of herbs or aromatic oils. The temperature in a wet sauna can reach 90 degrees Celsius, and humidity up to 100 percent. However, it should be remembered that, unlike a steam sauna, steam is not generated automatically, but constantly, but only temporarily, manually.
This is a great example of a modern sauna, in which the traditional stove was replaced by infrared emitters that emit a special type of radiation. The temperature inside the sauna does not exceed 60 degrees Celsius, and humidity usually does not exceed 25 percent. Thanks to this, the procedures in the infrared sauna can last longer, up to 30 minutes and can be used every day.